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Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology;
Summarizes the history of the GM food issue in Europe, the legislation recently passed by the EU Parliament, impacts on U.S.-EU agricultural trade, and other background issues dividing the U.S. and EU on this topic.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation;
Highlights findings about participation in the USDA initiative. Compares the availability of fresh fruit, whole grains, salads, and low-fat milk, as well as salty snacks, baked goods, and ice cream by year and in participant and non-participant schools.
Institute for European Environmental Policy;
Illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing refers to fishing activities that do not comply with national, regional, or international fisheries conservation or management legislation or measures . IUU fishing is complex and affects many stakeholders from the individual artisanal fisher in national waters, to fishing fleets in Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and the High Seas, to fish processor and fisheries managers in developed and developing countries. Illegal fishing occurs in every ocean in the world, resulting in the loss of individual jobs and income, depletion of existing fish stocks, damage to the marine environment, and loss of state revenue . It affects activities both at sea and onshore, such as shipment, transportation, landing, importation and exportation, sale, and distribution of fish products . IUU fishing also has the potential to reduce the amount of fish available to subsistence fishers and communities who rely on fish as their staple diet. For example in Sierra Leone, fish provides approximately 65% of the protein source consumed by the under-nourished population. Thus people's livelihoods and food security may be seriously threatened by the possibility of losing access to this food source as result of IUU fishing.
Pew Charitable Trusts;
This is the second in a series of reports that summarizes how schools are putting in place updated U.S. Department of Agriculture, or USDA, meal standards and the challenges they must overcome to reach full implementation.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
Coastal fisheries are very essential for supporting the livelihoods of many rural poor in the coastal areas, particularly coastal community fisheries members. They serve as sources of food, employment and income generation for many coastal families. "Coastal Community Fisheries Catch Monitoring" Project which was conducted from April to November 2011 provides some data which indicates the importance of small-scale fisheries. The project was financially supported by the Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme, Cambodian component (RFLP/CMB) and was activity 1.5 of the approved RFLP CMB 2011 activity work plan and budget. For this catch monitoring study, 26 small-scale subsistence fishers, including 05 women, from five community fisheries (CFi?s) in the RFLP CMB area of geographic coverage from the four coastal provinces of Cambodia were selected and following appropriate training collected specific catch data and recorded it in fisher's logbook on a daily basis for the purpose of getting a better understanding of catch per unit of effort (CEPU), the health of inshore fish stock and the contribution of aquatic products to small-scale fisher households along the coast of Cambodia. The key data items recorded included total catchweight, catch weight by species, total catch sale price, fish price of the main species and total lengths of some key species. The study involved designing logbooks, training the selected 26 fishers as data collectors on data collection methods, collecting data from all the selected fishers, designing a database and entering all the collected data into the database, checking for errors and analyzing the collected data for final reporting and preparing report.
Recent extreme weather events such as the devastating Midwest drought of 2012 helped drive record corn prices ($8/bushel). This provided a taste of what is predicted to become the new normal in many parts of the Corn Belt thanks to climate change -- a point powerfully reinforced by the latest National Climate Assessment.
Growing irrigation demand for corn production, alongside unchecked withdrawals of groundwater from stressed water sources -- in particular, the High Plains aquifer that spans eight Great Plains states and California's overextended Central Valley aquifer -- create additional risks for the $65 billion a year corn industry, which has nearly doubled in size over the past two decades.
Given the scale of the challenges facing U.S. corn production and the key industries that depend on it, investors need to understand how companies in the grain processing, food, beverage, livestock, ethanol, grocery and restaurant sectors are addressing these risks in their supply chains.
This report provides new data and interactive maps on the risks facing U.S. corn production, as well as detailed recommendations for how corn-buying companies and their investors can catalyze more sustainable agricultural practices that will reduce these risks, preserve and enhance yields, and protect precious water resources.
Earth Policy Institute;
World agriculture today faces pressure from many sources. On the production side, the amount of unused arable land worldwide has dwindled. Overworked soils are becoming eroded and degraded, and overpumped aquifers are being depleted. Meanwhile, as the global population grows and increasing biofuel production converts grain into fuel for cars, demand for food continues to climb. In Chapters 2 and 9 of Plan B 4.0, Lester Brown discusses these challenges.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
During the month of August, 2009 I visited the Rockefeller Archive Center with the support of a Grant-in-Aid to conduct research for my dissertation, which examines the philanthropic activities of U.S. private foundations in Latin America during the decades of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. My project explores how foundation grants and programs aimed to modernize Latin American economies and accelerate their integration into a global economy and culture. The goal was not only to come away with an understanding of the types of projects the Rockefeller Foundation (RF) was involved with but also to examine the ideological assumptions behind the projects, to identify any limitations of the foundation's vision, and to sketch out how these limitations altered or changed initial assumptions. My first venture into the material available on development projects in Latin America underscores the complex political environment the RF was operating in and reveals how initial assumptions about modernization in 2 Latin America proved simplistic and lacked an understanding of the interrelatedness of social, economic, and cultural phenomenon.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
This project focuses on the development of scientific agriculture in Mexico during the 1930s to the 1960s; specifically, research done on corn by Mexican and U.S. scientists. The Rockefeller Archive Center's collections give a rich and detailed picture of the long process from the initiation of the Office of Special Studies in 1941-1943 by the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), through the development of a thriving research program in the Mexican national context during the 1940s and 1950s, to the cessation of direct involvement in Mexican research and an international focus in Rockefeller Foundationsponsored agricultural research. While it may seem odd to distinguish among the different crop plants, differences in the histories of research on the various staple grains in the twentieth century are striking. Any sort of "green revolution" with corn was very different than that with wheat, particularly in Mexico, a center of great diversity and long history of the corn plant.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
Between 1914 and the 1950s, U.S. food nourished many European civilians during war and its aftermath. Upon the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, millions of Americans in a neutral nation mobilized to relieve the suffering of civilians in Europe through substantial contributions of money, food, and clothing, thus beginning a long relationship between Americans and Europeans. Non-profit organizations and U.S. government loans fed much of the population of Belgium and Northern France in 1914, using tens of thousands of volunteers and hundreds of millions of dollars under the Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB), until the U.S. entry into the war in 1917.
Pew Environment Group;
Efforts to protect and rebuild America's ocean fish are working. Rebounding fish populations create jobs, support coastal economies, repair damaged marine ecosystems, increase recreational fishing opportunities, and bring back fresh, local seafood. The benefits of ending overfishing and rebuilding depleted fish populations are far-reaching, and the cost of further delay would be significant. For example, commercial fishermen targeting depleted stocks in New England, the South Atlantic, and the Gulf of Mexico lost an estimated $164.2 million and realized just 25 percent of potential revenue in 2009 because of overfishing.
Pew Environment Group;
U.S. ocean fish stocks are one of the nation's most valuable natural resources, and with prudent stewardship, they have significant potential for growth and return on investment. Our ocean fish are governed by the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA), a law passed and strengthened with bipartisan support that aims to maximize the long-term performance of fisheries by sustaining the natural capital upon which they depend.